Different conditions affecting your eyesight

Your eyesight is truly a precious and valuable commodity and is indeed the sense that our entire species has developed on and used to aid our survival throughout the ages, and yet it is something that we very much take for granted and it only takes those with an eyesight condition that impairs or sometimes even removes completely their ability to see the world around them. And it’s only in these times that we think about our own eyes and how grateful we are to have them. Not really realizing that a number of different afflictions can strike your eyes as either a result of genetics, old age or even just plain bad luck.

However most people when they think about their overall health do not stop to think about our eyes and how our day to day habits and lifestyle choices can adversely impact these most delicate and precious of organs. Most people with afflictions like this often speak of how they wish they had taken the time to take care of themselves and their eyes while they still had the chance, so let’s learn from this school of wisdom and take a look at some of the most common afflictions striking them.

Cataracts

 

Cataracts are a disease affecting the eyes that usually comes on as part of the onset of old age and usually refers to a clouding of the eye lens. Everybody is probably aware that as you get older your vision is one of the first things to worsen and degrade, sometimes leading normal people who have never had a problem with their vision in their life needing to resort to the strongest of presbyopic glasses. However, cataracts is considered to be the number one cause of vision loss in the over 50’s and Is something that you should be regularly discussing with your doctor or better yet, ophthalmologist to ensure that you too don’t fall into its clutches. In some jurisdictions, you may even be required by law to retake a vision and driving competency test as you hit certain age milestones.

Should you unfortunately develop cataracts then there are a wide variety of treatment options available too you and the one that your ophthalmologist will choose will be largely dependent on the stage of development that your cataracts are when you are diagnosed. Sometimes something as simple as a new lens type in your glasses could help for early stage cataracts, whereas advanced forms of the condition will ultimately requires some kind of surgery to correct and restore you’re your eye lenses. This will usually involve an ophthalmological surgeon cutting an incision into the surface of your eyeball and replacing the clouded lens with a clear plastic replacement allowing you to see as you once did.

 

Glaucoma

 

Glaucoma is a condition which affects the optic nerve that runs from your eyes to your brain and transmits visual information; this condition is a very serious one, causing permanent blindness once the onset begins.  And often times there are little to no warning signs until the process of vision loss has started, it is caused most of the times (however not always) by an excess of pressure from the fluid or “humors” in your eye causing a blockage in signal and damage to the optic nerve which in the long run is completely irreversible along with the associated vision loss. People who are more at risk are people over 45 and those with black racial ancestry.

While the prognosis for damage occurring to the optical nerve prior to diagnosis by a doctor is bad, glaucoma is actually a fairly controllable disease with many painless and non-invasive treatment options available for this condition. Generally speaking your doctor will normally prescribe eye drops of some kind; however the newest treatment options include micro surgery and laser treatments which have also been found to help relieve pressure in the eye and protect the eye from further damage.

Obviously this is in the worst case scenario and the most likely situation is that you hopefully have no vision problems throughout your life, however as you get older it’s important that you pay closer attention to your health and particularly your vision. So make sure that you regularly discuss and have your eyes checked for any signs of developing problems or issues with your vision as often times, early detection is key with things like glaucoma.